The world has radically changed since I founded my first company in 2004, but the fundamental challenges of building a cutting-edge technology company remain the same.

By Phil Inagaki, Operating Partner at The Engine

At The Engine, we don’t shy away from investing in Tough Tech companies at foundational stages, and we often work with technical first-time founders. These are people at the forefront of science, engineering, and technology wrestling with solutions to pressing global challenges: What does the next generation of zero-emissions energy look like? How can we use cellular engineering to cure diseases like Parkinson’s? How do we build faster, more flexible, and more efficient computing systems? The list goes on.

Out of the 27 companies in our first fund, the majority of founding…


How the incoming administration can spark nascent strategic industries and cement the United States as the global Tough Tech leader.

By Katie Rae, CEO & Managing Partner; Michael Kearney, Senior Associate & Orin Hoffman, Venture Partner

A downloadable PDF of this proposal can be found at the Day One Project.

The history of the United States is replete with examples of how foundational new technologies can transform the economy and create jobs. From the automobile to the transistor to recombinant DNA, foundational technologies have enabled an expanding middle class and prosperity for millions of Americans. The U.S. federal government has played a vital role in providing and enabling early market development and applications for these technologies. …


The role of Tough Tech in Ensuring Shared, Sustainable Prosperity

By Katie Rae
CEO & Managing Partner,
The Engine

Nearly four years ago, we founded The Engine alongside MIT because we recognized the need for new models to launch transformative breakthroughs out of the labs and on to the path of commercialization. Many of these breakthroughs hold the potential to impact our most fundamental global challenges such as climate change, human health, and the transition to a 21st-century economy that creates shared prosperity and sustainability for all.


What we learned from the collapse of investment in Cleantech 1.0 and how we can ensure the success of Cleantech 2.0.

By Michael Kearney, Senior Associate, The Engine

Numerous accounts have documented the collapse of venture investment in the clean-technology sector during the first fifteen years of the 21st century. Retrospectively known as Cleantech 1.0, investors piled $25 billion into cleantech startups from 2006–2011, funds that resulted in little return on capital. [1]

The subsequent flight of capital from cleantech increased commercialization challenges for the struggling sector. In the latter part of the 2010s, however, the tide turned once again for cleantech startups. With $4 billion invested in the space since 2017, investors clearly have renewed interest in supporting cleantech companies.

So, what have we learned from Cleantech…


Creating world-changing energy storage tech is tough. Doing it during a pandemic is even tougher. Here’s how The Engine’s portfolio company Form Energy is pushing forward amidst global uncertainty.

By Ted Wiley, Co-Founder, President & COO of Form Energy

We founded Form Energy with the assumption that the R&D of our core technology must be done by a team in the same space — shoulder to shoulder in the lab. In the beginning, none of us thought remote or distributed teams could deliver novel hardware that would rely on both materials science and engineering innovations. How would we integrate remote team members into the culture of our company? How would we communicate with the speed and freedom that startups require? …


Part V of our series, “Real Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence” features Rick Calle, AI business development lead for M12, Microsoft’s venture fund.

How energy-intensive is the AI infrastructure today? And what does that mean for the future of discipline?


Part IV of our series, “Real Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence” features Dan Huttenlocher, the inaugural dean of the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing.

No matter how responsibly developed AI may be, its generality seems at once its greatest asset and its greatest danger. How do you reconcile this duality?


AI is redefining how we fight climate change and combat disease. It is even revolutionizing the systems responsible for its own evolution.

By Michael Blanding for The Engine
Illustrations by Harol Bustos

We have a romantic vision of the scientific discovery process. A white-coated chemist spends long hours in the lab, titrating, pipetting, centrifuging chemicals, until — by accident or design — they stumble upon a new molecule that might do something useful in the world. Then there are longer nights spent testing, refining, and optimizing the synthesis process, hoping that one day that chemical can be commercialized. In the luckiest of scenarios, that process might take 5 years — often it takes 10 or 20.

For Alan Aspuru-Guzik, that’s 20 years…


Part III of our series, “Real Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence” features Rohit Prasad, the Head Scientist of Amazon’s Alexa AI.

I recently read a note by President Reif of MIT regarding the school’s new College of Computing. He stated that its students will be “navigating the algorithmic future.” That is a provocative concept — how do you envision such a future?


Part II of our series, “Real Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence” features Colonel Randy “Laz” Gordon — an Air Force test pilot, HBS alum, AI leader, and overall badass.

Should we remain optimistic about a future increasingly reliant on AI?

The Engine

Built by MIT, we help founders create the next generation of world-changing companies. Visit us at engine.xyz.

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